Phoresis demonstrates a methodology for leveraging the advantages of small scale or bespoke manufacturing combined with industrial, mass manufacture. It attempts to provide a way of increasing the longevity of cheap, staple products. IKEA’s gooseneck lamp, the NÄVLINGE, is used as a proxy in combination with 3D printing.
There is a fundamental flaw in the the way we consume our products; a large portion of all the things that get thrown away are still functional at the time of their disposal. This phenomenon is indicative of a larger issue at play- one that doesn’t have to do entirely with whether or not a product still works.
Phoresis asserts that mass manufacturing’s sole focus on achieving the best possible economy of scale inherently creates products that consumers consciously or subconsciously deem to lack value. There isn’t a point in designing for increased product longevity if the consumer disposes of it prematurely; we need to address the psychological factors around perceived value and changing user-needs. Phoresis attempts to do this; both in functional, actionable ways as well as playful, more emotional ways.
In addition, it hopes to promote more people to experiment with modifying products through small manufacturing; all of the digital files and instructions are open-source and can be found at https://www.pixelandtimber.com/phoresis
Phoresis; a model of symbiogenesis between mass-production and small, bespoke manufacturing
To demonstrate the idea of manufacturing symbiogenesis six examples are shown; the host being IKEA's gooseneck lamp and the phoront being 3D printed add-ons.
Style Cover; Color and finish can be tweaked, tuned and changed, allowing the lamp to always remain a supporting piece of the larger aesthetic whole. Beyond color, surface and form are flexible as well; here you see one iteration that I as an individual found pleasant. The possibilities are only limited by our own creativity.
Connection between parts is achieved through print-in-place rotational locks. The key on the positive part slots into a channel of the negative- once reaching the bottom it can then be twisted, passing over a locking divet that applies tension once crossed.
While ultra-bright LEDS are certainly advantageous, sometimes they can be just a little too bright. Unless wired with a dimming function, the best solutions are to contrive a DIY shade or simply turn the light off. Here, an iris mechanism is used to act as a manual dimmer- letting less light through as the actuator blade is turned and the blades are drawn into a tighter center eye.
Adding a planter to a lamp that has lost it’s luster is a great way to renew its value as a source of light- harnessing it instead to grow a plant. While most will quickly outgrow its volume, smaller growing plants like Aloe and Cactus could do well, especially with the help of the LED sun pointed directly at them.
Adding a shader head allows for task light oriented architecture to be shifted towards a more ambient purpose. Lamp shades in particular are uniquely suited to the process of 3D printing, enabling intricate shadows and unique diffusions. Shown are some beautiful examples of other designer's work that show what can be achieved when incorporating 3D printing into lighting design.
A playful modifier; the light mask allows for the display of small motifs or text on the wall like a temporary tattoo.
The best things get better with time- the things we own grow and change with us; endowing them with a special kind of value. It transcends its material, form, and function, achieving the status of a momento and gaining an almost sacred element.
If you're interested in learning more or want to print this project yourself visit https://www.pixelandtimber.com/phoresis
- Michael Mallory
- Pixel and Timber
- Interior design: Art & Crafts projects | Product design: light | Product design: object
Project Name: Phoresis
What: A symbiotic manufacturing system between mass-manufacturing and smaller, bespoke manufacturing.
Why: To increase product longevity and provoke meaningful relationships between people and objects.
We throw away our things way too soon; a large portion of products get disposed of long before they stop working. Whether the color has gone out of fashion, a new functionality is needed, or it's just gotten boring, a fully functional object ends up in a landfill.
Phoresis is an attempt to mitigate this unnecessary waste; by combining 3D printing with an IKEA lamp, it demonstrates a new system of manufacturing that allows for flexibility and personalization in both aesthetics and functionality.
Pixel and Timber